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2019考研英语:专为你而定制的写做模板

来源:www.sjtuky.com 作者:鸿知上交大考研网 浏览:70 次 发布时间:2018/10/16

  很多人说背模板没用,对于这种说法,鸿知上交大考研网觉得如果你是英语超级学霸,自然能写得一手好作文,但是!对于英语一般的同学来说,作文模板就很有用处,不仅在写作文可以得高点的分数,最重要的是透过模板灵活运用写出更好的作文。总比自己空有想法却写不出好句子强啊。下面是非常好用的作文模板,背一背,用一用,绝对有利考研的。

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2019考研英语:专为你而定制的写做模板



文章结构用词表达

1、分点一:分层论证

Basictoanyunderstandingofthebenefitswecangetfrom_______isthat__________/Firstandforemost

Ononehand_________Ontheotherhand_________

Besides/What’smore/Inaddition

Firstofall/tobeginwith/aboveall

Inthesecondplace/inthesecondinstance

Lastbutnotleast/insummary

这一段主要说理,在分论点里可以加一些小的例子细节,重点是要用一些精华句子!


2、分点二:举例论证

Furtherlendingcredencetomypositionisthat____________(简单阐述/例子字不够就多讲点废话)

/Icanthinkofnobetterillustrationthantheexampleof(典型例子)

/Acaseinpointisthat(不是很典型)________…..someexpertpiontsoutthat...

/take...ininstance...

/accordingtotheinvestigationconductedthisyearindicatesthat.../(推荐,为神马,因为句子长,废话多……)

somestatisticsexposethat...

一句话总结例子:Asaresult,强调句/倒装句/表利弊的句型/反面论证如果没有会怎样。


3、让步段:

AgreeordisagreeAdmittedly_____tosomeextentmaydirectlyorindirectly____/hasitsundeniabledetriments.

Forinstance_______

Howeverthevaluablemeritsof_______considerablyovershadowthedrawbacks/onnoaccount________./

(经典正反对比结构)

二选一:AdmittedlyBBalsohascertainmeritswhichdeservesomewordshere.Forexample____(字数不够就多讲点)

HoweverBB的缺点或AA也可以做到.ComparedwithAA,(which可以总结所有优点或针对BB的一方面,)itpales.


4、结尾段:

Thereforeduetotheabovementionedreasonswhichsometimescorrelatewitheachothertoformanorganicwholeandthusbecomemorepersuasivethananysingleoneofthem(字不够了用)Ireinforcemystandpointthat...


5、改写题目

Onlyvia(by/through/with/when/after)___canwe__________

onlyvia(by/through/with/when/after)___canwe________

andonlyvia(by/through/with/when/after)___canwe_______

Or

ItisAthat...itisAthat...anditisAthat...(不好写或显得累赘就不要了)


语言结构用词表达

1、基本句型

A.因果

Onaccountof/owingto/dueto+N

Forthereasonthat/as/since+句子

.Itisdueto____that

egItisduetohispersistenceandperseverancethatheeventuallyreachedhisacme.(强调句)

derive/arise/stemfrom来源于

egHissuccessderivesfromhispersistenceandperseverance.

.scribeAtoB归结于

egHissuccesscanbeascribed/attributedtohispersistenceandperseverance.


B.条件

AservesasacatalystforB(ourfurthersuccess)

If/onconditionthat/providedthat/aslongas________


C.让步

Despitethefactthat/regardlessof


2、经典句型

A.倒装

Onlyvia(by/through/with/when/after)__do/did/canwe__

egOnlyaftergoingtothebeachofHawaiiwillIknowaboutAmericantypicaltypeofspendingleisuretime.

Hardly/Seldom/Scarcelycan__

egHardlycanweimagineaworld/ourlifewithout/devoidof

So+adj+主谓倒装+that__

Notonly主谓倒装butalso...

egNotonlyshouldeducationpreparechildrentocompete

Notonlydopeoplecaretheireconomicneedstheybutalsowanttomeettheirspiritualneeds.

Onnoaccount主谓倒装(决不....


B.强调

Itis/was....that/who(m)....

.限定性副词probably/directlyorindirectly/tosome(alarge)extent


3、经典中的经典

A.排比

1Itistourismthatgivesmetheopportunitytoknowthecultureofthisdynamicrobustandalivecountry.

2Itiscomputersthatmakeourlifediverseconvenientdynamic/vibrantwithoutwhichourlifewouldprobablypale.

3A/whichneedstobe/InthiswayAcanbereadilyacceptedrespectedappreciatedandadvocated.

4Onlyviauniversityeducationcanwehavesystematicknowledgeconcerningartsandscience.

Onlyviauniversityeducationcanweknowtheessenceofsymbiosisandcollaboration.

AndOnlyviauniversityeducationcanwemeetthedemandsofsocietyandmakeourfuturesuccessinevitable.


作文中的部分新颖表达及部分垃圾词汇的替代

作文中想要拿到高分,就必须有一些与众不同的词汇或表达方式,笔者在这里所说的垃圾词汇并没有贬低这些表达的意思,大家可以想象一个阅卷老师在阅几千份试卷的过程中就看到几千次相同表达,分数可想而知,所以如何取舍你懂的。

A、认为(尽量避免的表达,以下例句同,不再重复说明:Ithink/Ibelieve/AsfarasIamconcerned

1.别人认为:assumearguecontendmaitainholdtheperspectivethat…

2.我认为:Iaminclinedtotheviewthat…(开头引入自己观点)

convincedthat…

Iawarethat…(比较弱)

Iclingtoabeliefthat…


B、不同人有不同看法(Differentpeoplehavedifferentopinions

People’sperspectivedivergeonthiscontroversialissue.

Thereisnoconsensusamongpeopleconcerningthiscontroversialissue.


C、举例(forexample/forinstance/letmegiveyouanexample

1.Afitting/telling/apt/strikingexampleisthat…

2.Acaseinpointisthat…(口语常用)

3.Furtherlendingcredencetomypositionistheexampleof…(***倒装)

4.Thiscanbeaptly/wellexemplifiedandillustratedbythecaseof+n.

thefactthat+句子

thefollowingcase

5.Icanthinkofnobetterillustrationthantheexampleof…who….(***最高级)

6.WhenitcomestomusictalenteminentindividualsrangingfromMozarttoBeethvoencomeimmediatelytome.***此处也是细节)

7.Toillustratethisweneednolookfurtherthanthecaseof……(举例)

8.Imagine/Visualize/Picture/Suppose……


D、迷恋,喜欢,上瘾(少用具体多用抽象)

Iaminvariablyfascinated/captivated/enchantedwith/by…

HardlycanIresistthetemptationofsth.

beobsessedwith/by…


E、数据引用

Statisticfiguresshow/manifestthat…

.Manysurveys/investigations显示that越来越多的universitieshave重视thecreditsystemwhichpeobablywould带来不好的呃影像.(中文从一下中选词)

显示:manifest/illustrate

重视:placeagreat/considerableemphasison

attachgreatimportanceto(不用换词)

onnoaccountcansb.ignore/turnablindeyetosth.(***倒装)

越来越多的:aincreasingnumber

带来不好影:exerciseanunpredictable/unforseableconsequence(不好的结果都用这个)upon


F、正反论证

Itisnotdifficulttoimaginethatif……

Itismoderntechnologythatmakesourlifesimplehealthyanddynamic/vibrant/fantastic/active/alivewithoutwhichourlifewouldprobablypale.

HardlycanIimaginetheworldwithoutthefascinationof……which……


G、然而(引出事物的反面)

onthecontrary/

conversely/

bycontrast


H、利弊及其影响

利:merits/benefits/advantage

弊:drawbacks/risks/disadvantage

弊:

exerciseanunforseableandunprediactable/adverse/unfavorable/deleteriousconsequenceon…

undoubtedlyandundeniablysoundanalarmtosb.

putaenormouspressureupon

putapotentialandprobablethreaton…

adverselyaffect…

undermine

利:

1.exerciseafar-reachinginfluenton…

2.…undoubtedlyservesasacatalyst/enzymefor…

3.playa(n)irreplaceable/crutial/indispensablerolein…

4.layasolidfoudationfor…


垃圾词汇的替代

1help

典型例句:I"llhelpyou

替代语accommodate/assist/avail

E.gI"llendeavourtoaccomodateyou


2helpful

典型例句:Sthishelpful(tosb)

替代语conducive/time-honored时代赋予的/docredittoourforbears继承先辈的优秀传统/assisting

E.gSthisconducivetosb


3show

典型例句:asitshowsinthepicture

替代语betray


4think

典型例句:ithink--------

替代语deem


5ugly

典型例句:xxxisugly

替代语hideous


6bytheway

典型例句:bytheway...

替代语incidentally...


7because

典型例句:xxxbecausexxx

替代语inthat/inasmuchasE.gxxxbecausexxx


8consider

典型例句:Wemustconsiderxxx

替代语allowforE.gWemustallowforxxx


9much

典型例句:therehasbeenamuchincreaseintheworldpopulation

替代语therehasbeenadrasticincreaseinthe-----


10about

典型例句:itisabout250timesofthat

替代语itisapproximately---


11buy

替代语purchase


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